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Showing posts from May, 2020

APHERESIS FAQs

APHERESIS - YouTube Video in Hindi Q. What is Apheresis ? A. It is a procedure in which a particular component of blood is collected and the remainder of the blood is returned to the donor with the help of an automated machine. Q. How does Apheresis works? A. Blood is separated into various components based on their specific gravity by centrifugal force. In a closed system, blood flows from the donor’s arm into the centrifuge bowl, where a specific component is removed and the remaining blood is returned to the donor. It can be a continous or intermittent flow. In intermittent flow blood is removed through a venepuncture, centrifuged and returned in alternating steps to the same venepuncture. In continous flow, blood is removed by one venepuncture in one arm and returned through another venepuncture in the other arm. Q. How long does it take for the procedure to take place? A. It might take 30 minutes to 2 hours depending on the requirements and donor’s sta

Cervical Cancer Screening: Q&A

Widespread screening with Cervical Cytology (study of cells of the cervix) commonly known as PAP smear examination or PAP test along with HPV testing has dramatically reduced the incidence of mortality from cervical cancer in females over the past few decades. Q. What is Cervical Cancer? A. It is a malignant tumor of cervix which is the lowermost part of uterus in females. Q. What are the risk factors? A. Cigarette smoking, multiple sexual partners, early onset of sexual activity, history of sexually transmitted infections, increasing parity, prolonged use of oral contraceptive pills, immunocompromised and HIV infection. Q. What is the causative agent? A. Human papilloma virus. There are 15 to 18 subtypes. HPV 16 and 18 account for approx. 70% of all cases. Q. What are the symptoms? A. Bleeding per vaginal (PV), white discharge, lower back pain, lower abdominal pain. Some may have no symptoms at all. Q. What is the method recommended for screening? A. PAP smear examination