Skip to main content

How to Boost Your Immunity Naturally




Hey Everyone !!

Thank you for stopping by.

In this article I’ll cover the types of immunity, foods that helps in strengthening your immunity and tips to boost your immunity naturally.

What is immunity?

Immunity is the defensive power of the body which helps the body in protecting against various infections or pathogens.

There are two types of immunity-

1.       Innate immunity

2.       Adaptive/acquired immunity

What is innate immunity?

·         This type of immunity is present since birth

·         It acts as the first line of defence.

·         No previous exposure of antigen is required for activation of innate immunity.

·         It is non-specific in nature.

·         No memory is seen in innate immunity.

What are the components of innate immunity?

The major components of innate immunity are-

1.       Epithelial barriers like skin which helps in blocking the entry of environmental microbes/ pathogens.

2.       Various cells- like phagocytic cells composed mainly of the neutrophils and macrophages, natural killer cells, dendritic cells.

3.       Plasma proteins- these are the protein of the complement system, mannose binding lectin and C- reactive protein.

The innate immunity is due to the presence of pattern recognition receptors (PRR). These are mainly the peptide molecules present on the leucocytes or the white blood cells (WBC), which helps in the recognition of particular structural pattern on a particular pathogen also known as pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs).

The PRR is further of two different types-

1.       Soluble pattern recognition receptors-

·         Mannose receptors

·         C-reactive protein.

 

2.       Surface pattern recognition receptors-

·         Scavenger receptors

·         Toll like receptors

·         NOD-like receptors

·         RIG-like receptors.

What is adaptive or acquired immunity ?

·         Adaptive/ acquired immunity is acquired in nature.

·         It acts as the second line of defense.

·         Prior exposure to a particular antigen is required for its activation.

·         It is highly specific.

·         Memory is seen in this type of immunity which results in activation when the body is again exposed to the same pathogen/antigen.

What are the various components of adaptive immunity?

The adaptive immunity system consists of-

Lymphocytes and their products like antibodies.

It has two components-

·         Cellular/cell mediated immunity- helps in protection against intracellular microbes.

·         Humoral immunity- helps in protection against extracellular microbes.

What are the various immune system cells ?

Immune system cells are further divided into various types-

·         Lymphocytes- T-cells, B-cells, Natural Killer cells

1)      T-cell are further divided into-

2)      Helper T Cells- activation of B/T lymphocyte of macrophage.

3)      Cytotoxic T- Cells – for killing of infected cells.

4)      Regulatory T Cell- suppress immune response.

 

·         Antigen presenting cells-

 

1)      Professional antigen presenting cells

2)      Non-professional antigen presenting cells.

 

What is inflammation?

Inflammation is body’s immune system response aginst various infections.

There are two types of inflammation- acute and chronic.

When inflammation persists for a longer period of time it converts into chronic inflammation resulting in decreasing the immune system response making the person immune-compromised.

What are the different foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature which helps in boosting immunity?

The various foods which helps in boosting immunity by acting as a natural anti-inflammatory agent and also preventing free radical damage are as follows-

·         Lemons- rich in Vitamin C

·         Ginger- gingerol contains anti-inflammatory properties

·         Turmeric- curcumin is anti-inflammatory in nature.

·         Garlic- anti-inflammatory and analgesic

·         Spinach- rich in iron and beta carotene

·         Broccoli- sulphoraphanes present in them helps in activating the immunity genes and enzymes.

·         Beetroots- rich in iron and beta carotene

·         Oranges- rich in vitamin C, antioxidants

·         Papaya- rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin C and papain enzyme.

·         Kiwi- rich in vitamin c, actinidain enzyme and antioxidants

·         Blueberry- rich in antioxidants

·         Tomatoes- contains lycopene.

·         Red bell peppers- rich in vitamin C

·         Probiotics- yogurt, buttermilk, kefir.

·         Salmon- rich in zinc, helps in immunity boosting

·         Eggs- rich in protein, vitamin D

·         Chicken soup/ poultry- Chicken soup have anti-inflammatory properties.

·         Ginseng tea- good for respiratory tract infections

·         Japanese matcha tea- rich in antioxidants

·         Green tea- rich in antioxidants

·         Nuts- almonds, peanuts- contains vitamin E

·         Seeds- pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, flax seeds, chia seeds.

·         Mushroom- good source of vitamin D.

·         Fennel seeds- phytochemicals acts as antioxidants

·         Extra virgin olive oil- anti-inflammatory in nature

What habits should one acquire in their daily routine in order to strengthen your immunity?

Apart from the foods and diet there are certain steps which you can include in your daily routine such as-

1)      Don’t smoke

2)      Keep yourself hydrated

3)      Do medication to reduce cortisol levels and anxiety levels in the body.

4)      Eat more vegetable and whole foods.

5)      Don’t go for crash diets. Provide proper nutrition to your body.

6)      Avoid alcohol consumption as much as possible.

7)      Get at least six to eight hours of uninterrupted sleep at night.

8)      Avoid midnight snacking.

9)      Exercise regularly- either in the form of cardio or yoga.

10)   Wash your hands properly and sanitize them as required.

11)   Limit the consumption of added sugar in your diet.

Hence, adding these simple steps and habits in your life will help to promote a healthy body and boosting the immune system of the body.

Have a commitment and consistency to a better and healthy lifestyle. Follow a well balanced diet, maintain a healthy weight.

Hope you found it useful

Take care 

Stay safe ❤

Find me on instagram ☺

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

APHERESIS FAQs

APHERESIS - YouTube Video in Hindi Q. What is Apheresis ? A. It is a procedure in which a particular component of blood is collected and the remainder of the blood is returned to the donor with the help of an automated machine. Q. How does Apheresis works? A. Blood is separated into various components based on their specific gravity by centrifugal force. In a closed system, blood flows from the donor’s arm into the centrifuge bowl, where a specific component is removed and the remaining blood is returned to the donor. It can be a continous or intermittent flow. In intermittent flow blood is removed through a venepuncture, centrifuged and returned in alternating steps to the same venepuncture. In continous flow, blood is removed by one venepuncture in one arm and returned through another venepuncture in the other arm. Q. How long does it take for the procedure to take place? A. It might take 30 minutes to 2 hours depending on the requirements and donor’s sta

How Sugar Affects Your Skin: Sugar and Skin Health | Acne | Inflammation

Hey!! Thank you for stopping by ☺ Hope you are doing great. In this blog post I will be discussing about how sugar affects the skin health. When going to a sweet shop, my senses becomes all aggravated by the smell, texture and the aesthetic appearance of the items. There is no denying that I am myself a big sweet tooth and loves indulging in various kinds of desserts from time to time. The sweet stuff definitely tastes absolutely delicious which results in more cravings but can cause a lot of problems in our body including our skin health. For me sugar was playing a huge role in the inflammation going on in my body leading to acne. I’ve suffered from both acne and rosacea . I still get hormonal breakouts from time to time but limiting sugar in my diet has drastically affected my skin health. I have noticed that whenever I overindulge in my favorite sweets my acne is aggravated and my skin becomes oilier. Sugar is an inflammatory food; hence it result

Acne Vulgaris: Pathogenesis, Causes, Treatment

PICTURE CREDITS- PEXELS.COM Acne is a skin condition that is seen predominantly in adolescents. They can also been seen in adults due to hormonal changes referred to as Adult acne. Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous filaments that is typically seen on the face, neck, upper arms and upper body as well. They can be inflammatory or noninflammatory types Non-inflammatory These include blackheads and whiteheads which are also called comedones. When the follicles get clogged and are exposed to the environment it turns black which is also known as open comedones or blackheads. When the comedones are closed they are referred to as whiteheads. Inflammatory These include various types such as papules, pustules, nodules, cysts or nodulocystic acne. Inflammatory acne presents with redness swelling of the surrounding area and are painful in nature. What are sebaceous glands? These are holocrine glands which occur in conjunction of the hair follicle unit also kno